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This is a question commonly asked by non-believers and also a question that arises often among believers. When an infant or an unborn baby dies, their parents would naturally be concerned with the whereabouts of their child – is their child now in heaven or hell?

In the bible, Jesus often uses children as examples to teach His disciples. Once His disciples were rebuking the people against bringing children to be blessed by Him, and He stopped His disciples saying, “Let the little children come to me, and do not hinder them, for the kingdom of God belongs to such as these.” On another occasion, He called a child to stand among His disciples and told them, “I tell you the truth, unless you change and become like little children, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven.” From what Jesus had taught, it seemed like all children will enter heaven, because Jesus had told His disciples on various occasions that they needed to become like children to enter heaven. However, if we are familiar with the bible, we will understand that Jesus’ true intention was to teach His disciples to be like children in regards to sin – to be pure and innocent. And the only one who can transform us to become as innocent as a child is the Lord Jesus – by accepting Him as our personal saviour and allowing His blood to wash away all our sins. We know that even a child sins, so we can be sure that Jesus was not saying that children are without sin and could as a result enter heaven. Rather, Jesus was using the innocence of a child to bring out the point that only someone without sin can enter the kingdom of heaven. Thus the passages we have discussed so far cannot be used to prove that all dead babies go to heaven. The determining factor to whether a person enters heaven or hell still remains in whether that person is with or without sin. Let us then proceed to explore the bible to find out whether a baby is with or without sin.

The book of Romans in the bible tells us that sin entered the world through the first man, Adam; and death came through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all humans are the descendents of Adam. This ‘death’ does not refer only to a physical death but also the death of the spirit. Babies are also descendents of Adam; therefore they inherited his sin nature as well. While they were still in their mother’s womb, they had already inherited this ‘original sin.’ However, when we look at babies – they look so cute and adorable – it would never cross our minds to think that these babies are evil and deserving of hell. Yet no matter how adorable a baby looks, we should come to realise that even a merciless serial killer was at a point of time, a cute and adorable baby. Although babies look innocent and pure and have yet to commit any sin, we know that once they grown into adulthood, they will inevitably commit sin. This is because the sin nature of Adam already resides inside them, sinning is a natural course that these babies will eventual come to take. Although these babies died before they can commit sin, it is a reality that will eventually come to pass. Therefore looking at it from the perspective of original sin, an infant is with sin.