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This is a question commonly asked by non-believers and also believers. When an infant or an unborn baby dies, the parents would undoubtably be concerned with the final whereabouts of their child, whether their child is now in heaven or hell?

In the bible, children were often used by Jesus as examples to teach His disciples. Once, His disciples were rebuking the people against bringing children to be blessed by Him, and He stopped His disciples saying, “Let the little children come to me, and do not hinder them, for the kingdom of God belongs to such as these.” On another occasion, He called a child to stand among His disciples and told them, “I tell you the truth, unless you change and become like little children, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven.” From what Jesus had taught, He seemed to suggest that all children alike would enter heaven, because Jesus had told His disciples on various occasions that they needed to become like children to enter heaven. However, those familiar with the bible will understand that Jesus’ true intention was to teach His disciples to become pure and innocent like a child with regard to sin. And the only way which can transform us to become as innocent as a child, is by accepting Jesus as our personal Saviour and allowing His blood to wash away all our sins. We know for a fact that even a child sins, and Jesus was merely using the innocence of a child to bring out the truth that only someone without sin could enter the kingdom of heaven. With this, we can be sure that Jesus was not implying that children were without sin and could as a result enter heaven. Thus, the passages we have discussed so far cannot be used to prove that all dead babies go to heaven.

The determining factor to whether a person enters heaven or hell still remains in whether that person is with or without sin. Let us proceed to explore the bible to find out whether a baby is with or without sin.

The Book of Romans in the bible tells us that sin entered the world through the first man, Adam; and death came through sin, and in this way, death came to all men, because all humans were the descendants of Adam. This “death” does not refer only to a physical death but also a spiritual one. Babies are also the descendants of Adam; therefore, they have inherited his sin nature as well. When they are still in their mother’s womb, they have already possessed this “original” sin. However, when we look at babies, they are so cute and innocent, it would never cross our minds to think that these babies are evil and deserving of hell. Yet no matter how adorable a baby looks, we should know that even a merciless serial killer was at one point in time, a cute and adorable baby. Although babies look innocent and pure and have yet to commit any sin, we know for sure that once they grow into adulthood, they will inevitably sin. This is because the sinful nature of Adam already resides within them, sinning is an unavoidable path that these babies will eventually come to take. Although these babies died before they could commit any sin, it is a reality that they will all become sinners in the end. Therefore, looking at it from the perspective of original sin, an infant is with sin.